Cricket Insect Species, Types, Facts, Diet, Chirp, Reproduction, Characteristics are provided on this page. Check out the complete article for Cricket Facts.
- 1 What are Crickets?
- 2 Types of Crickets
- 3 Interesting Cricket Facts
What are Crickets?
Crickets belong to insects and distantly related to grasshoppers. Scientists have identified and described more than 900 species of crickets. The crickets belong to the family called Gryllidae. In many cultures, they are the sign of the good luck and these creatures are often featured prominently in literature and folklore.
In nature, these are the source of the food for other animals from birds to bears as they are the major part of the food chain. Crickets are most popular feeder food for the pet spiders and lizards. In Southeast Asia, deep fried crickets a common snack food for the peoples.
Scientific Name of Crickets: Gryllidae
Crickets are insects related to the bush crickets and more distantly to grasshoppers. The scientific name of the crickets is Gryllidae. More than 900 species of crickets are distributed all around the world except at the latitudes 55 degree or higher with the greatest diversity being in the tropics.
The crickets are also featured in the various fiction characters such as books, films and Tv shows. Crickets are small to medium sized insects with mostly cylindrical and some species are vertically flattened bodies. It is smooth and has neither dorsal nor lateral keels.
Types of Crickets
There are few common types of crickets exists on the earth. So, here we have the several crickets:
Fall field cricket
The field crickets are a subfamily of crickets that include dozens of individual cricket species according to the scientific classification system. These crickets from one group shares many common characteristics despite being spread across the globe.
Greenhouse Camel Cricket
The greenhouse camel cricket and well known as the diestrammena asynomora, originally from Asia. Greenhouse camel crickets don’t chirp or bite humans, but in the presence of so many of these insects can create problems.
There are more than 900 known species of crickets and classified scientifically. The crickets are found almost everywhere except on the latitude 55 degree or higher. Here are the few species that commonly known in various regions:
- Larra Bicolor
- Scapteriscus Abbreviatus
- Nemobius Sylvestris
- Ormia Ochracea
- Blanchard’s Cricket Frog
- Parktown Prawn
- Neocurtilla Hexadactyla
- Southern Cricket Frog
- Gryllus Ovisopis
- Steinernema Scapterisci
- Anurogryllus Arboreus
- Gryllotalpa Major
- Gryllus Integer
- Gryllus Fultoni
- Scapteriscus Borellii
- Gryllotalpa Gryllotalpa
- Neoscapteriscus Vicinus
- Oecanthus Fultoni
- Gryllus veletis
- Teleogryllus Commodus
- Cricket Paralysis Virus
- Diestrammena Asynamora
- Great Green Bush Cricket
- Mormon Cricket
- Gryllus Rubens
- Gryllus Texensis
- Gryllus Firmus
- Northern Cricket frog
- Tropical House Cricket
- Gryllus Assimilis
- Gryllus Campestris
- Gryllyus Pennsylvanicus
- Teleogryllus oceanicus
- Gryllus Bimaculatus
- House cricket
Interesting Cricket Facts
- Crickets were named for the sounds they make.
- Most female crickets don’t sting.
- Crickets listen through their legs.
- Crickets and Katydids are closely related.
- Crickets are both nutritious and edible.
- There are about 900 species of crickets.
- Crickets thrive in moist, humid areas with an abundance of plants.
- They are characterized by long antennae, strong hind legs adapted for jumping.
- Crickets are often confused with grasshoppers because they have very similar body structure including the hind legs for jumping.
- Crickets can be brown, black, red, green, yellow, purple and orange color.
- Most cricket species are nocturnal.
- Crickets are excellent climbers and some species have the ability of flight.
- Crickets can live up to a year or longer but mostly it able to survive a single winter.
- Spider crickets can jump distances up to 60 times their own body length.
What do Crickets Eat?
Crickets are omnivorous and they prefer to eat that easily available on their surroundings. They able to eat both plants and animals depends what available to them. They like to rotting plant matter, but they will also much on tender leaves, fruit and fungi.
The crickets like to burrow into the undergrowth of wooden areas, where they get some food and it also protects them from the predators. Crickets also enjoy the meaty snack if they catch other insects or bugs. If you have a pet cricket then leafy vegetables like cabbage and lettuce, fruits like and grains like cereals and bread are all healthy choices for your cricket.
How long do crickets live?
The lifespan of the crickets depends on the various species. In some species of crickets it can be longer and others have only few days that they survive. The average life of the crickets up to ninety days only but there are few species which able to survive for a year. Mostly crickets become feed of other predators before complete their lifespan. The crickets found almost everywhere across the world except some regions where temperature is too high.
How to crickets chirp?
By rubbing their forewings together the male crickets create their chirps. The one side wing edge contains jagged pattern while other wing is flat. So, when the crickets rub the flat wing side against jagged side, it produces the chirp sound. Crickets generally make three types of noises.
One of the noises is known as the ‘calling song’ which is used to attract females. Then there is ‘courtship song’ and one of the last type noise known as the ‘aggressive song’ which male crickets produces while fighting.
Can Crickets Fly?
Some species have the well developed wings and can fly while others are wingless can’t fly at all. But it is possible to jump high. Crickets primarily stay on the ground, hiding in the day and search for the food or mates in the night. There are several species like the common field and house crickets can fly but the Jerusalem crickets which don’t have wings and can’t fly.
What do crickets eat?
Crickets are omnivorous which means they eat both plants and meat or flesh if available nearby. But they most prefer to eat the rotting plant matter but on the other side, they also like to get the fungi, and fruit if get the opportunity.
What eats crickets?
Crickets have the lot of predators in the open environment which includes small snakes, salamanders, frogs, rats, toads, shrews, bats, mice, and insect eating birds as well. There are also some predators in which ants, wasps, mantids, ground beetles, spiders, and lizards.
Cricket Habitat: Where do crickets live?
Crickets live in almost everywhere in the environment. They can easily found in fields and meadows, grasslands and forests, swamps and trees, and even caves, beaches, in anthills and underground.
Crickets live along roadsides, gardens and even in the houses. You can capture and keep a cricket; but be sure that you have the sturdy container with the proper air passing, water and food.
Crickets are insects in which the reproduction process exists by mating and laying eggs. The females need to mate with a male cricket to fertilize their eggs before she deposits them. The crickets first attract the females for mating by producing the sound with their wings.
The male crickets produce the different sounds with their wings by different terms. The female will deposit her eggs in damp sandy soil and left them for the hatch.
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