Bumblebee is a peaceful insect which usually does not use their sting. It is the situation in which they have to use their sting. These only use the sting if they feel threatened or disturbed their hive. The Bumblebee sting can be painful. You should know that only female bumblebees have a sting. It can cause a different allergic reaction in some cases.
The bumblebee belongs to the genus Bombus which have more than 250 species and subspecies. These are mostly found primarily in higher altitudes or latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere, however, these are also found in South America in few lowland tropical species. Female bumble bee sting repeatedly, but mostly avoid to sting humans and animals.
Bumblebee have round bodies covered in soft hair called pile, making them appear and feel fuzzy. The appearance of these bees may vary but are generally plump and densely furry. These are larger, broader, and stouter-bodied than honeybees, and the tip of the abdomen more rounded. The bumblebee sting can produce more than one allergic and serious reaction for which you have to contact a doctor within time.
Bumblebee sting allergic reactions
Bumblebee sting can produce different reactions, ranging from temporary pain to discomfort to a severe allergic reaction. It is not necessary that one person always have the same reaction every time its sting. Even a different person gets different reaction and pain.
The pain and swelling will go away within a few hours.
- A red welt at the sting area
- Instant, sharp burning pan at the sting site
- Slight swelling around the sting area
Some other peoples might have a bit stronger reaction, with signs and symptoms such as:
- Swelling at the sting site that slowly enlarges over the next day or two
- Extreme redness
It almost takes 5 to 10 days to resolve. Some peoples get the moderate reaction every time bumblebee sting.
Severe Allergic Reaction
In this situation, the victim needs emergency treatment and the sting is potentially life threatening with the reaction also known as anaphylaxis. These are the few signs and symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing
- Skin reactions, including hives and itching and flushed or pale skin
- Swelling of the throat and tongue
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
- A weak, rapid a
- Fainting or Dizziness
- Loss of consciousness
Bumblebee Sting venom
The main component of bee venom is responsible for the pain in vertebrates. This includes the toxin melittin, histamine, and other biogeneric amines may also contribute to pain and itching. In some cases, the bee left the sting at the biting site. But bumblebee sting and can also use for repeated sting which can cause more damage health and as well as you may need to hospitalized.
Precautions after Bumblebee Sting
Some peoples are often seen of using medicine against high blood pressure such as beta-blocker, ACE-inhibitors, and aspirin which can strengthen the allergic reaction. People who have more chances to sting should avoid these types of medicines. Also, after a bumblebee sting, you have to avoid the consumption of alcoholic drinks and heavy physical efforts.
Treatment of Non-Allergic, or local reaction
In this situation, the medical treatment is not necessary at all. Some measures can be taken to lower the local reaction, especially in instances where a person has stung in a sensitive location such as near the eyes. The person can take the few medicines to take down the pain and itching effect to reduce symptoms. The medicine is effective in the local reaction or nonallergic case only.
In the rare case of sting in the mouth or near the throat, the victim should be taken to the hospital immediately as soon as possible because the sting causes blocked airways.
Treatment for an Allergic Reaction
At the level one reaction, you have to contact a medical provider. The medical provider may choose to keep an eye on the situation and decide how things go. After a period of observation, and progress in recovery, you will be discharged soon.
In the level 3 or 4 reaction, the vomiting starts and the victim should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible. The doctor will observe the situation and start the treatment. The treatment based if the patient has already had an allergic reaction to a bumblebee sting.
If the victim stung dozens of times in the certain period then it causes toxic reactions. General allergic reactions can occur in the nervous or circulatory system. The peoples who use the medicines like beta-blockers and pregnant women are at increased risk when allergic reactions occur after a bumblebee sting.
Home Remedies for Bumblebee Sting
Here are the few remedies that you can do at your home if you are bitten by bumblebee sting.
- Wash the sting site with antiseptic soap and water. Icing the sting site is very effective to reduce the venom absorption. It can also reduce swelling.
- Honey is the best remedy if the bee stings you. It will help with wound healing, pain, and itching. You can apply a small amount to the affected area and cover with a loose bandage and leave on for up to one hour.
- Baking soda and water can help neutralize bee venom to reduce pain, itching, and swelling.
- You can also use the toothpaste on the sting site. It also uses to reduce the pain and neutralize the venom of the sting.