Insects Facts & Diet

Insects Facts, Diet, Habitat, Types, behavior, reproduction and List of Insects is here on this page. If you want to check out facts about insects then this is undoubtedly the best page for you.

What Are Insects?

Inspects are the largest group in the animal category. Scientists assumed that there are more than one million insect species on the planet, living in almost every environment from glaciers to volcanoes. Insects help us by pollinating the food corps in fields, decomposing organic matter, providing researchers clues to cure cancer, and even sometimes solving crimes. Also, they also harm us by spreading diseases and damaging the structure and plants as well.

Insects are arthropods. All animals in the phylum Arthropoda have segmental bodies, exoskeletons, and at least three pairs of legs. There are other classes belongs to the phylum arthropoda includes: Arachnida (Spiders), Chilopoda (centipedes), and Diplopoda (millipedes).

Insects

There is large number of species found on the planet which is most often divided into 29 orders. These 29 orders use the physical characteristics of the insects to group the insects’ ahs the similar characteristics. Some insect taxonomists organize the insects differently, using evolutionary links instead of physical traits. To identify an insect, you have to use the system of 29 orders. You can start with the physical similarities and differences between insects you observe.

An Insect species may occur in many regions and may have different common names in other languages and cultures. The scientific name is a standard name that used by the entomologists across worldwide. The two names using by this system: Genus and Species is called Binomial nomenclature.

Interesting Facts about Insects

  • Generally, Insects have six legs and bodies in three sections which known as the head, thorax, and abdomen.
  • There are about one million species till discovered by the researchers and it is assumed that there are still 10 million more species available on this planet.
  • The praying mantis (Mantodea) is only the species of insect that can turn its head through 180 degrees.
  • There are about 1.4 billion insects for every person on the Earth.
  • A bee needs 10 million of nectar collecting trip to make one pound of honey.
  • Belgica Antarctica is the only insect indigenous which is wingless.
  • It is proved that the butterflies can remember things that they learnt as caterpillars.
  • Dragonflies have been on earth for more than 300 million years.
  • A bee can swing their wings 190 times in a second and that will be 11,200 times in a minute.
  • Caterpillars have 12 eyes.
  • A single honeybee colony can produce about 100kg honey each year.
  • 36 species are found of the dragonflies found in the United Kingdom.

Characteristics of Insects

Here are the several characteristics that share the insects with other. You can easily distinguish the insects by looking at these characteristics:

  • Insects have an exoskeleton. It is a hard shell like covering on the outside of its body.
  • The body of the insect parted in three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen.
  • The insects have the six legs.
  • They have two antennae type on their head.

Not all the tiny creatures are insects actually. There are several little creatures that have the same size as the insects have but fail to complete the characteristics to enter in the insects’ category. An earthworm is not an insect as it has no backbone. So, it does not have the characteristics of insects.

Are Spiders Insects?

The insects have the six legs. But the spider has the eight legs. So, it is not an insect. There are other differences as well. Spiders are in the category of Arachnida while insects are in the class Insecta.

  • Spiders don’t have the antenna like insects.
  • The spiders don’t have the wings. This is also true for some species of insects, but here are plenty of insects our there with either two or four wings.
  • Insects have the total six legs whether spiders have eight legs.
  • The insects have two more advanced & compound eyes while spiders have eight simple eyes.

Are Insects Animals?

Yes, it is. The insects are belongs to the Animilia category which is the class of animals. So, it is sure that it belongs to the animals. There are two phylums of animals which are vertebrates and invertebrates. The invertebrates contain the insects, arachnids, mollusks, crustaceans, and other organisms as well.

Are Insects Arthropods?

An Arthropod is an invertebrate animal which have the exoskeleton, a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages. Arthropods form the phylum Euarthropoda which includes insects, myriapods, arachnids, and crustaceans.

Are Bugs Insects?

In fact, all bugs are insects but not all insects can be bugs. The main difference between insects and bug is of the creature mouth/ head formation. The bugs and insects are on this planet from the almost 300millions years. So, it is all right to raise confusion between insects and bugs.

insects diet

Types of Insects

  • Archaeognatha – Bristletails
  • Ephemeroptera – Mayflies
  • Grylloblattodea – Rock Crawlers
  • Dermaptera – Earwings
  • Blattodea – Cockroaches
  • Embioptera – Web-Spinners
  • Hemiptera – Bugs
  • Diptera – Flies
  • Coleoptera – Beetles
  • Hymenoptera – bees, ants, wasps, sawflies
  • Isoptera – Termites
  • Thysanura – Silverfish
  • Odonata – Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Plecoptera – Stoneflies
  • Orthoptera – Crickets and Grasshoppers
  • Phasmotodea – Leaf insects and stick
  • Mantodea – Mantids
  • Psocoptera – Barklice and Booklice
  • Thysanoptera – Thrips
  • Phthiraptera – Parasitic Lice
  • Megaloptera – Alderflies and Dobsonflies
  • Neuroptera – Antlions and lacewings
  • Rapdhioptera – Snakeflies
  • Strepsiptera – Strepsipterans
  • Siphonaptera – Fleas
  • Mecoptera – Scopionflies
  • Trichoptera – Caddisflies
  • Lepidoptera – Moths and Butterflies

Flying Insects

The flying insects have the wings and able to flying from short to some far distance. The flying insects are going less from the past few decades. There can be more reasons why the flying insects are going less on the planet. But most of the peoples doesn’t think a good sign. Here are the few flying insects:

  • Mosquito
  • Butterfly
  • Cockroach
  • Ant
  • Bedbug
  • Bee
  • Honeybee
  • Wasp
  • Dragonfly
  • Bumblebee
  • Cricket
  • Fireant and so on.

Stick Insects

There are more than 6000 species of stick insect in the world. Hundreds of different kinds of species are kept in zoos and as pet also. Every species has different in color, body structure, behavior, natural habitat, preferred temperature, and humidity. These insects are little wild and no harm to the humans. You can get it as your pet as well.

Stinging Insects

Insects such as bees, fire ants, and wasps use a stinger to save themselves when they feel danger or threatened. They may be beneficial or unwanted depending on where they are found. You can find the nests of bees, hornets, and paper wasps in attics, walls, under eaves, and in tree branches also. Other insects such as yellow jackets, velvet ants, and some bees build nests in the ground.

insects facts

Garden Insects

Nature has created many insects and bugs that you can find in your garden area. The garden insects are generally chewing the leaves and plants. It will stop the growth of the plant and also, there are some insects which are good for the plants as well. So, here is the few insects that you can easily see in your garden.

  • Asparagus Beetle
  • Cabbage Looper
  • Corn Earworm
  • Cucumber beetle
  • Cutworm
  • Grasshopper
  • Leafhopper
  • Stink bug
  • Squash bug
  • Whitefly

Edible Insects

Many parts of world, there are insects are serves for the eating. You can call it edible insects because it is used to eat and survive. Insects have the lot of quantity of protein in their body. You can get the nutrients like omega 3’s that usually you buy from the fancy stores. Edible insects are great alternatives to regular source of food as they are cheap and excellent source of protein and fate as well as vitamin and mineral. In many countries, eating insects is a common thing.

Household Insects

The insects that you easily see at the house can be called as the household insects. You can get the insects in the hidden places of your house. These are the uninvited guests on your house. Here are some common types of bugs that you might find in your home.

  • Ants
  • Cockroaches
  • Termites
  • Bed bugs
  • Fleas
  • Silverfish

These insects are sounds good but sometimes it’s spread the diseases in the house. The insects are the unwanted guests on your house that came at your residence without any invitation. Most of insects produce due to the humidity in the hidden places of your house.

Beneficial Insects

As the name represents, these insects are beneficial for the plants and other things. These insects help the plants to grow up. The insects will eat the aphids, caterpillars, mealybugs, scales, thrips, and whiteflies as well. Also, there are few species of insects that will not allow to increasing of slugs, snails, cutworms, cabbage maggots, and other pests live in your garden soil. These types of insect species can help you wage the war against harmful blights.

Black Insects

Small black insects on succulent plants could be hempitera bugs or aphids or ants associated with them. Indoor potted succulents can also hosts sciarid flies in their soil. These insects help the plants to grow by eating the pests in the plant soil. So, the plant can grow easily by taking enough minerals from the plant soil. The black insects name are given here:

  • Aphids
  • Ants
  • Sciarid Flies
  • Hempitera Bugs

Some yucca plants have Halticotoma bugs infestations according to the professor Bastiaan M. Drees in Texas A&M University. They are ¼ inch long and have dark grey body color. Halticotoma bugs live in groups and scatter easily and quickly when disturbed.

Poisonous Insects

Insect’s category has the millions of species under this class. And there are few species which are harmful for the human. The stings of insects can causes deadly diseases or sometimes death without proper treatment within time. Here we share the few deadly insects that are dangerous for humans:

  • Bullet Ant

Bullet ant is the largest ant among all ants in the world. Mostly they found in the Nicaragua and Paraguay rainforests. It has the painful sting on which it has the name Bullet Ant. Once it bite the victim, it seems like being shot. The sting from the bullet ant is 30 times more painful than of a wasp or a honey bee.

  • Fleas

These insects are the external parasites that suck blood from birds, wild and domestic animals, reptiles and also humans. The fleas cause itching spot on the skin of hosts. It has the size of tip of pen and reproduced very quickly. Every female flea laid 2000 eggs within their life span.

  • Fire Ants

There are 285 different species of the fire ants across the world. Once it will disturb, they would sting the intruder repeatedly. The fire ant sting is painful as it lasts for weeks. Their venom would cause the several skin problems. The venom of the fire ants also results in allergic reaction. Fire ants usually attack in the group that contains ten to hundreds of ants.

  • Giant Japanese Hornet

Hornet largest species is Giant Japanese Hornet in the world. They can grow up to a size of 2 inches. There are 40 deaths recorded every year due to the sting of Japanese hornet. The venom of Japanese Hornet can dissolve tissues in short tissues if not treated well. Also, it can cause the allergic reaction on the skin.  The repeated sting from the group of hornets could also result in death.

  • Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes are the most dangerous species exists on the Earth. Due to the mosquitoes, there is up to 1 million deaths every year by transmitting deadly malaria disease. Mosquitoes carry the germs of malaria that they inject in the victim’s blood by biting. Malaria is a blood transmitting disease that will not affect if you came in the contact with the sick person.

Insects Diet

Insects’ category holds millions of spices under this class. So, they eat in many different ways in a huge range of foods. Most of the plan-eaters, feeding on leaves roots, seeds, nectar, or wood. Leafhoppers and Aphids get their food by suck up the sap from plants. Other insects, like Assassin bugs and several species of female mosquitoes, eat other insects. Lice and Fleas are parasites, eating the flesh or blood of larger animals without killing them. The insects have the special senses that help them to detect prey.

Dragonflies, Grasshoppers, and Beetles are the examples of chewing insects. These insects use one pair of jaws to bite the food in little pieces and grind them down. Another pair of jaws helps to push the food down to throat.

  • Some insects such as aphids have the piercing sucking mouthparts whereas other insects like grasshoppers have chewing mouthparts.
  • Insects can have specialized mouthparts, such as a proboscis which absorbs nectar from a flower.

To Know more about Insects and their types, keep browsing Insects Facts.